Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on correcting the jaw and teeth that are not well positioned. Teeth that do not fit together correctly, or are crooked can be harder to keep clean, may cause premature tooth decay, gum disease or can cause unnecessary strain on the teeth when biting and chewing which can then lead to headaches, TMJ or muscle tension.
Some other reasons one may look at Orthodontic treatment could be:
- Overcrowding of teeth
- Over bite, when lower teeth sit in front of the upper teeth
- Under bite, when upper teeth sit behind the lower teeth
- Open bite, when there is space in between the biting surfaces of the teeth
- Spacing, when there are gaps as a result of teeth not coming through
As each case is individual, the dentist will need to have an initial consultation to determine whether you are a candidate for Orthodontic treatment. You will discuss your concerns and reasons for seeking orthodontic advice. If you both agree that orthodontics is right for you, he will book a records appointment, where he will take designed x-rays, moulds, photos, and develop a plan that is specifically for you and your needs. You will then come in for one final consult to discuss your final treatment plan. From this appointment you will have a clearer idea of the duration of treatment and what is involved, appointments and costs.
There are different types of appliances that can be used in Orthodontic treatment. What determines whether the appliance is fixed or removable, will be the severity of each case and which appliance will be most effective. These appliances are used to move the teeth and retrain the jaw muscles through the application of gentle pressure. The most common type of fixed appliance are braces, and these can be used on children through to adults and can come in a range of colours from clear to purple. We also offer fixed and removable space maintainers, headgear, and palatal expanders to retainers. As stated, this will depend on which type of appliance the dentist deems most suitable for your case.
We also offer cosmetic Orthodontics for those patients who are unhappy with the look of their teeth due to crookedness or overcrowding. We can help to improve confidence and the appearance of your smile by helping you to have lovely straight teeth.